There are basically two types of verbs: action verbs and linking verbs. I want to discuss linking verbs now. A linking verb makes a connection between the subject and some information about the subject. The information identifies or describes the subject.
- The girl is tall. (describes)
- The girl is a student. (identifies)
- The girl is a good student. (identifies)
When describing, we tend to use adjectives because adjectives work very well in describing by making the noun more specific through giving more information about the noun.
Identification actually works in a similar way because we are giving more information about the noun, and the information helps us identify the noun and separate it from other similar nouns. Another way to describe it is that the subject is renamed by the noun that follows the linking verb as in the girl = student.
But when we use linking verbs, we don't want to just write simple sentences like the example sentences above. We can make the sentences more interesting by adding information.
We can add more adjectives.
The girl is tall, blond haired, and soft-spoken.
We can add prepositional phrases.
The girl is a student at Santa Fe Community College in Gainesville, Florida.
We can add an adjective clause.
The girl is a good student, who gets As on most of her tests.
We can even use all of the information is one sentence.
The tall, blond-haired, and soft-spoken girl is a good student at Santa Fe Community College in Gainesville, Florida, who gets As on most of her tests.
These are just a few examples of how to expand a sentence using a linking verb.